Inorganic chemistry

In chemistry, inorganic chemistry, in its originally definition (Lemery, c.1675), is the study of the preparation, properties, constitution, and reactions of matter, elements, and compounds related to the "mineral kingdom", as opposed to those related to the "animal and vegetable kingdom", which is the domain of organic chemistry; re-defined (Thorpe, 1874), generally, as the chemistry of metals and non-metals.

The following are related quotes:

Inorganic chemistry is that section of science which considers the properties of those substances which are not of vegetable or animal origin.”
— George Wilson (1870), Inorganic Chemistry (pg. 73)

Chemistry occupies such an extensive sphere, its operations are so widely distributed, that it has been found desirable, for the greater convenience of study, to subdivide the matters upon which it treats. It was therefore agreed, as suggested by Lemery [c.1675], nearly two hundred years ago, to divide the subject into the two branches of ‘inorganic’ and ‘organic’ chemistry. Inorganic chemistry was formerly defined to be the chemistry of the mineral kingdom, in contradistinction to organic chemistry, which was held to be the chemistry of the animal and vegetable kingdom, since most of the subjects included under this division were of animal or vegetable origin. This definition of organic chemistry is no longer tenable, for by far the greater number of the compounds classed by the chemist as organic are neither of vegetable nor of animal origin. Still, insensible as the real difference between them is, it is found convenient to retain the subdivisions on the score of expediency. As the substances hitherto comprised under the branch of organic chemistry invariably contain carbon, it has been decided to class with them the numberless carbon compounds which have been subsequently discovered, and to study them in connection with one another. Organic chemistry is today defined to be that portion of the science which treats of the preparation, properties, and constitution of the carbon compounds. The bodies treated under inorganic chemistry are divided into two principal classes—metals and non-metals. This division is also perfectly arbitrary; there exists no absolute line of demarcation between the two branches, and we are unable to say precisely what constitutes a metal, and what a non-metal.”
— Thomas Thorpe (1874), A Manual of Inorganic Chemistry (pgs. 18-19)

“I do accept the limited emergentist principle that the laws of biology, psychology exist which are NOT described by the laws of physics and inorganic chemistry. These ‘emergent laws’ are compatible with the laws of physics and chemistry but not derivable from them.”
Donald Campbell (1975), “On the Conflicts between Biological and Social Evolution and between Psychology and Moral Tradition” [1]

Allah has revealed to the Prophet [Muhammad], PBUH, in [Quran] verse 23:12-14: We did create life (man) from clay. The verse then describes the process of creation when inorganic matter becomes living matter, and absorption of inorganic constituents of the earth into living matter by way of food and nutrients. Proceeding from here it is possible to suggest that life emerged from the nutrient rich clay ferment that produced the enzyme. The enzymes are living molecules of proteins and trace elements. For life processes to proceed the enzyme needs to be charged with ‘soul’, the driving force that would carry the guidelines/commands of life processes. It had to be a clay environment since that alone can store information and help orientation of the molecule in space and help chirality. Likewise, it had to be some such mechanism that provides the driving force. Irradiation or interaction with a foreign particle as proposed by the geneticists/evolutionists, is not likely to activate life processes. This leaves us with only one alternative that is Allah’s will: kun-fayakun, and soon enough the clay broth has a clay particle charged with a ‘soul’ that bears the command for shaping the particle into a living organism. It may be reminded that ‘amr’ or command is unrelated to time which itself was created along with space by the decree: Be, and it was done.”
Mirza Beg (2014), “Beg-Thims dialogue” (#27), Jul 8

See also
Organic vs inorganic

1. (a) Campbell, Donald. (1975). “On the Conflicts between Biological and Social Evolution and between Psychology and Moral Tradition” (pg. 1104), American Psychologist, 30:1103-1126.
(b) Adams, Richard N. (1988). The Eighth Day: Social Evolution as the Self-Organization of Energy (pg. 8). University of Texas Press.

External links
Inorganic chemistry – Wikipedia.

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