In science, kinetics, from the Greek kinetos “moved”, verbal adjective of kinenin “to move” (from the PIE root keie- “to set in motion”) (Ѻ), refers to the force that sets a thing in motion, or the motion produced or resulting therefrom.

The so-called “kinetic theory” of gases, as developed by August Kronig (1856), Rudolf Clausius (1857), and James Maxwell (1850), argues that atoms and molecules in a gas have three types of motion: translational, rotational, and vibrational.

In 1862, the term “kinetic energy” was introduced by William Thomson and Peter Tait, to replace the older problematic term “vis viva”, or living force, introduced by Gottfried Leibniz (1686), in respect to Rene Descartes colliding sphere’s experiments (c.1640).

The subject of “chemical kinetics” was introduced by Cato Guldberg and Peter Waage (1864), based on the general model that chemical reactions have both a forward reaction and a reverse reaction, that depends on the amount of active masses of the reactants and the affinities driving the activities of these masses; this was later developed independently by Jacobus van’t Hoff (1877).

The following are related quotes:

“Well, one really shouldn't call it a force. It's more accurately an effect of kinetics.”
— Nicolas (2019), The Motive Power of Fire (response to query: “You mean there's something like a life-force that's real?”) [1]

See also
Kinetic factor
Social kinetics

1. Kueper, Timothy. (2019). The Motive Power of Fire (Amz) (pg. 8). Publisher.

Further reading
● Hammes, Gordon. (2000). Thermodynamics and Kinetics for the Biological Sciences, Wiley.
● Machlin, Eugene. (2010). An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics: Relevant to Materials Science. Elsevier.

External links
Kinetics (disambiguation) – Wikipedia.

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