Political thermodynamics

Political thermodynamics humor (by kallagher)
A thermodynamics humor stylized type of “political thermodynamics” scenario: themed take on Middle Eastern tensions, presented in the form of what one might call "perpetual motion politics" of the Rude Goldberg / mousetrap style contraption of movement, blended in with thermal words and human thermodynamics concepts, e.g. social friction, war thermodynamics, etc..
In human thermodynamics, political thermodynamics is the study of application of the laws and principles of thermodynamics to the analysis of rules, laws, and decisions in government or, in a general sense, the way in which groups of people make decisions in accordance with statistical or chemical thermodynamics. [1] A term in this subject is political entropy.

History
In 1971, American thermodynamicist Frederick Rossini, known for his work in chemical thermodynamics, used the combined law of thermodynamics to understand the paradox between freedom and security in social life, during one part of his Priestly Medal Address. [2] This lecture, 35-years later, in 2006, came to spark quite a debate (see: Rossini debate) between Americans chemist Harold Leonard, physical chemist John Wójcik, and chemist Todd Silverstein. [3]

In 1973, Harold Nieburg, Culture Storm: Politics and the Ritual Order, coined the term "political thermodynamics", via the title of his chapter five: Political Thermodynamics: Energy and Entropy" [5]

In 1975, American political scientist Stephen Coleman completed his PhD dissertation on entropy systems view of political systems, particularly on voting and elections, coining terms such as "political entropy" and discussing ideas on microscopic entropy measurements in political systems; albeit using Shannon's information theory. [7]

In 1977, Michael McCullough was speculating about political thermodynamics as follows:

“We may begin to speculate about a possible future development of a science of political thermodynamics.”
— Michael McCullough (1977), “Teilhard and the Information Revolution”

In the late 1970s, Belgian-born American literary theorist Paul de Man (1919-1983) came to be noted for his notion of political thermodynamics, as described in his “L’Etat de Guerre” and Le Contrat Social: Allegories of Reading, wherein he describes: [8]

“A kind of political thermodynamics governed by a debilitating entropy [the powerful inertia of the State]” which “illustrates practical consequences of a linguistic structure in which grammar and figure, statement and speech act do not converge”.

In 1986, Crosbie Smith, together with physics historian Norton Wise (1940-) (Ѻ), in their “Measurement, Work, and Industry in Lord Kelvin’s Britain”, supposedly (Ѻ), thermodynamics and political metaphors (see: political thermodynamics), in the view of William Thomson’s ideologies. [9]

In 1989 and 1990, Smith and Wise, in their three-part “Measurement, Work, and Industry in Lord Kelvin’s Britain” article, supposedly (Ѻ), elaborated on more political thermodynamics metaphors. [10]

In 1996, German metallurgical thermodynamicist Jürgen Mimkes authored a 110-page article on “Politics and Thermodynamics” and was in attendance at the 2003 “Talks on (inter) nation conferences on Politics and Thermodynamics”. [6]

Objections
Not all scientists, however, agree that thermodynamics is applicable to politics. In 2007, Russian bioelectrochemist Octavian Ksenzhek put forward the argument that thermodynamics is applicable to economics, but that is reign in political affairs is not possible. According to Ksenzhek, in relation to the thermodynamics of the formation of unions, "apart from economic reasons for joining or not joining societies into huge unions, a significant role may also be played by political considerations ... this aspect, however, is beyond the scope of a thermodynamic approach." [4]

See also
Democracy
Political chemistry
Political physics

References
1. (a) Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry (Volume Two), (preview), (ch: 16, section: “Rossini’s political thermodynamics”), Morrisville, NC: LuLu.
(b) Politics (definition): the art and science of government or that concerned with guiding or influencing government policy; the total complex of relations between people living in a society.
2. (a) Rossini, F.D. (1971). Chem. Eng. News., April 5, 49 (14): 50-53, American Chemical Society. (Priestly Medal Address)
(b) Leonard, Harold, E. (2006). “Chemical Thermodynamics in the Real World.” Letters, Journal of Chemical Education, (83) 39, Jan, No. 1. pg. 39.
3. (a) Leonard, Harold, E. (2006). “Chemical Thermodynamics in the Real World.” Letters, Journal of Chemical Education, (83) 39, Jan, No. 1. pg. 39.
(b) Wójcik, John F. (2006). ‘A Response to Chemical Thermodynamics in the Real World.’ J. Chem. Educ. (83) 39.
(c) Silverstein, Todd, P. (2006). “State Functions vs. State Governments”, Journal of Chemical Education, Jun. (83): 847, Letters.
4. Ksenzhek, Octavian S. (2007). Money: Virtual Energy - Economy through the Prism of Thermodynamics, (pg. 118). Universal Publishers.
5. Nieburg, Harold L. (1973). Culture Storm: Politics and the Ritual Order (pg. 81). St. Martin’s Press.
6. Publications (Mimkes) – Google Translation (German-to-English).
7. Coleman, Stephen. (1975). Measurement and Analysis of Political Systems: a Science of Social Behavior. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
8. (a) De Man, Paul. (date). “L’Etat de Guerre”, Publication.
(b) De Man, Paul. (1979). Le Contrat Social: Allegories of Reading (pg. 272). Yale University Press.
(c) Hayes, Julie C. (1999). Reading the French Enlightenment: System and Subversion (note 33, pgs. 13-21, 195).
(d) McQuillan, Martin. (2009). Deconstruction after 9/11 (pg. 123). Taylor & Francis.
(e) Paul de Man – Wikipedia.
9. Wise, M. Norton and Smith, Crosbie. (1986). “Measurement, Work, and Industry in Lord Kelvin’s Britain” (JST), Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 17:147-73.
10. Wise, M. Norton and Smith, Crosbie. (1989-90). “Work and Waste: Political Economy and Natural Philosophy in Nineteenth-Century Britain”, History of Science, 27:263-301; 27:391-449; 28:221-61.

Further reading
● Byeon, Jong H. (2000). “Non-equilibrium Thermodynamic Approach to the Change in Political Systems” (abs), Systems Research and Behavioral Science, Vol. 16, Issue 3, pgs. 283-91.


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