In terminology, prison is facility where inmates are physically confined, as part of a sentence, resulting from determined criminal activity.

Social physics
In the 19th century, Florence Nightingale attempted to reform prison system methodologies under the guise of social physics. (Ѻ)

In 1952, English physicist Vera Daniel, in his “Physical Principles in Human Cooperation”, outlined an atomic theory based order-disorder model of how inmates in prison can cooperate in groups. [1]

In 2010, American justice systems professor Curtis Blakely began publishing a number of articles on the physics of prison systems, people viewed as particles. [2]

1. Daniel, Vera V. (1952). “Physical Principles in Human Cooperation” (abs), Sociological Review, 44(1):107-34.
2. (a) Blakely, Curtis R. (2010). “Sub-atomic Particles and Prisoners: A Novel Examination of Socio-Physics and Penology”, International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, 5(2): 264-74.
(b) Blakely, Curtis R. (2013). “Thermodynamics, Newtonian Motion, and the Prison: the Effects of Energy, Entropy and Mass on Rehabilitation”, Prison Service Journal, March, 206:31-35.
(c) Blakely, Curtis and Walkley, Alice. (2010). “A Physicist, a Philosopher and a Politician: What Penologists can Learn from Einstein, Kant and Churchill”, Internet Journal of Criminology.

External links
Prison – Wikipedia.

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