Supreme god timeline

In timelines, supreme god timeline refers to the shift of supreme god, typically a form of the sun god, as religious power centers shifted, over time, as dynasties rose and fell, from ancient Egypt to modern America; generally showing how the Pyramid Texts, Coffin Texts, Book of the Dead, various stele, e.g. Metternich Stela (Ѻ), morphed into the various modern religious books, the Vedas, Torah, Bible, and Quran in particular, the dominate books of the modern world religions.

Timeline | Supreme god
The following is the work in progress supreme god timeline: [1]

DynastySupreme GodCapitalPersonPublicationNotes
------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------
Archaic | 5000-3500BC
Neter (god) 300px
Neter (symbol)




Libyan | Savage times
Atum 2
Atum [5]




Pre-Dynastic | 3500-3150 BC
/ 6750-4900 BG
→ Heliopolis recension

Ra 300px
Ra/Nun
Heliopolis


Early




1st Dynasty | 3150-2890 BC / 4900-4640 BG
Horus 300px
Atum / Horus
Heliopolis


2nd Dynasty | 2890-2686 BC / 4640-4436 BG
→ Memphis recension
Ptah (3 images)
Ptah (making golden egg)
Ptah
Memphis


Old Kingdom




3rd Dynasty | 2686-2613 BC / 4436-4663 BGRaMemphisImhotepStep Pyramid
Sahal Island rock inscription [7]
Step Pyramid
4th Dynasty | 2613-2498 BC / 4663-4248 BG Ra (Ѻ)(Ѻ) / Horus & Ra [?] (Ѻ) Heliopolis

Giza pyramids
[200+ gods]
5th Dynasty | 2498-2345 BC / 4248-4095 BGEnneadRa-Atum (Atum-Ra) [4] / Ptah ; Ennead
HeliopolisUnasPalermo Stone [8] Pyramid Texts[200+ gods]
6th Dynasty | 2345-2181 BC / 4095-3931 BG Ra-Atum (Atum-Ra) [4] / Ptah
Heliopolis

[200+ gods]
First Intermediate




7th-8th Dynasty | 2181-2160 BC / 3931-3910 BG
→ Hermopolis recension
OgdoadAtum-Ra; OgdoadHermopolis
Coffin Texts
9th Dynasty | 2160-2130 BC / 3910-3880 BGOgdoadHermopolis


10th Dynasty | 2130-2040 BC / 3880-3790 BGOgdoadHermopolis


Early 11th Dynasty | 2134-2061 BC
Hermopolis


Middle Kingdom




Late 11th Dynasty | 2061-1991 BC / 3811-3741 BG
→ Theban recension
Ra [4]Thebes
Book of the Dead
12th Dynasty | 1991-1803 BC / 3741-3553 BG
Amen 300px
Amen [Upper Egypt]
Thebes


13th Dynasty | 1803-1649 BC / 3553-3399 BGAmenThebes


14th Dynasty | 1705-1650 BC / 3455-3400 BGAmenThebes


Second Intermediate




15th / Hyksos Dynasty | 1650-1550 BC Baal-Set (Ѻ)
[transition state] [5]
Thebes


16th Dynasty | 1660-1600 BC[transition state] [5]Thebes


17th Dynasty | 1580-1549 BC
Set-Amun
Set-Amen (Ѻ)
Amen [5]
Thebes

[god fusion]
New Kingdom




18th Dynasty | 1549-1292 BCAmen-Ra 300px
Amen-Ra [9] = Atum [5]
Thebes
Theban recension
→ Atenism | 1352-1336 BC / 3102-3086 BG
Aten
Aten
AmarnaAkhenaten

→ Post-Atenism | 1237-1293 BC
[add]



19th Dynasty | 1292-1189 BC
Horus-Set
Set; Horus-Set
ThebesSeti IPapyrus of Ani[1,200+ gods]



Seti II

20th Dynasty | 1189-1077 BC
Osiris Ra 300px
Amen-Ra / Osiris-Ra (Osiris-Ra)
Thebes
[Osiris sculptures]
→ Reformulation | 1100 BC


[A source]
Amarna recension roots (Ѻ)
Third Intermediate




21st Dynasty / Priest-King Dynasty | 1069-945 BC [5]Osiris-Ra



→ Judaic recension | 1050-1000BC
Ra (1025BC)
YHWH / Yahweh; Abraham (god→man)
S. Canaan[J source] Genesis AHeliopolis recension roots [4]
22nd Dynasty | 945-720 BCOsiris-Ra



Judaism | 922 BC
El (god)
El [see: Neter]
[Ptah = “the Lord” = El] (Ѻ)
N. Canaan[E source] Genesis B
23rd Dynasty | 837-728 BCOsiris-Ra



24th Dynasty | 732-720 BCOsiris-Ra



→ Piye invasion | 732 BC [4]
Ra



25th Dynasty | 760-656 BCOsiris-Ra



720 BC (or 1500BC ?)
Ptah-Atum

Shabaka Stone (Ѻ) [12]
Late Period




26th Dynasty | 672-525 BC
→ Saite recension
Zeus = Ra [?]

Book of the Dead
(Standard Edition)

670 BC



Priestly Blessing [6]
650 BC


[D source] Deuteronomy
→ Babylonian exile | 587-397 BC





586 BC


[P source]Priestly mattersTheban recension roots [4]
Persian period




First Persian Dynasty | 550-330 BC (Ѻ)
→ Cyrus recension
Zoroaster
Zoroaster



Theban recension roots
27th Dynasty | 525-404 BCEl-Yahweh



→ Jerusalem return | 400 BC
Yahweh (labeled)


Torah
28th Dynasty | 404-398 BC / 2154-2148 BG




29th Dynasty | 398-380 BC / 2148-2130 BG




30th Dynasty | 380-343 BC / 2130-2093 BGHorusAlexandriaNectanebus I Metternich Stela (Ѻ)
31st Dynasty | 343-332 BC / 2093-2082 BGJupiter/Zeus = Ra [?]



Ptolemaic Period




Macedonian Dynasty | 332-305 BC / 2082-2055 BG
→ Greek recension
Amen-Zeus
Amen-Zeus; Horus
AlexandriaAlexander Library of Alexandria
Ptolemaic Dynasty | 305-30 BC / 2055-1780 BG
Serapis (Osiris + Apis)
Amen-Ra / Horus; Serapis (Ѻ)
AlexandriaPtolemy I

250 BC
Serapis (Osiris-Apis) [7]






Ptolemy II




Ptolemy III

221-204 BC
Dionysus [10]EgyptPtolemy IV

100BC-37AD

DenderaTiberiusDendera Temple
Roman Period




Caesar Dynasty | 30 BC-306 AD / 1780-1444 BG
Roman recension

Rome


→ Julio-Claudian dynasty | 54-68 AD
Nero (Dendera Temple) 2
Osiris
DenderaNeroDendera Temple
69 AD
Serapis and Isis [7]RomeVespasian

100-250AD
Horus = Jesus




306-337 AD
Trinity
Jesus; Trinity

ConstantineNicaean Creed (325)
337-641 AD
Lord-God Almighty



379-395 AD


Theodosius I

529 AD


Justinian I
Outlawed: paganism; closed: Epicurean garden, Skeptic Academy, Lyceum, Stoic Porch, and Neoplatonic Academy (Athens); abolished the worship of Amun (at Augila) and Isis (at Philae). [11]
396-641 AD





Arab Period




Arab Egypt | 641-969 AD / 1109-781 BGAllah = El



Fatimid Egypt | 969-1171 AD / 781-579 BGAllah = El



Ayyubid Egypt | 1171-1250 AD / 579-500 BG




Mamiuk Egypt | 1250-1517 AD / 500-233 BG




English Period




1st Monarch | 871-1700 AD




1516

NetherlandsErasmusErasmus NT
→ James recension | 1611

EnglandJamesKing James Bible

(add discussion)

Timeline | Renaissance era
The following shows the timeline morphing of the "supreme god" concept, in the renaissance era, during which time the fundamentals of religion began to come under attack (e.g. heliocentrism, atomic theory, evolution, physicochemical sociology, etc.) into things such as "creative force", "higher power", "living energy", and ontic opening theories, among other covert "god code" Trojan horse like concealments: [1]

PeriodSupreme GodCapitalPersonPublicationNotes
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------
Renaissance Period




Atomic theory revival | 1417-1600 / 333-150 BGGod or Atoms/Voids?Germany Bracciolini

Heliocentrism | 1543-1623 / 207-127 BGGod?ItalyCopernicus

Dualism | 1620Soul in pineal glandFranceDescartes

Atheism Revival




Spinozism | 1677-1809God = NatureNetherlandsSpinoza

Extreme Atheism | 1729-1855 / 21 BG-105 AGGod does not exist
Meslier

Apologetics | 1736 / 14 BGGod = DesignerEnglandPaley

Goethe period (Ѻ)




Human chemical theory | 1770-1832 / 20-82 AGMan reacts with woman (labeled)
Chemical Spinozism
GermanyGoetheElective Affinities
1818-1844 / 64-94 AG
Will = Chemical WillGermanySchopenhauer

1877-1888
Will to powerGermanyNietzsche
[God is dead]
Ontic Opening Era (Ѻ)




Creative evolution | 1907God = Creative forceFranceBergson

1936
Spirit-Matter
Teilhard

Real world thermodynamics
| 1971 / 221 AG
God = Gibbs energyAmerica Rossini

Physicochemical sociology
| 1987-2014 / 237-264 AG
Allah's will = Gibbs energyPakistanBegNew Dimensions
Sudden emergence
| 2008 / 258 AG


Rothschild

New Atheism




Implicit atheism | 1900-2001




New atheism | 2004

Harris

Explicit atheism | 2014




Zerotheism | 2015 / 265 AG

Thims

Smart atheism | 2016

ThimsSmart Atheism

(add discussion)

Notes | Dating
While scholars, e.g. Karl Luckert (1991) and Gary Greenberg (2000), tend to situate Atum as the supreme god of Heliopolis, we do note that many of the pharaohs of the 0th Dynasty, e.g. Iry-Hor (3150BC), and 1st Dynasty, e.g. Hor-Aha (3050BC), were named after Horus. [2] Moreover, the gods: Horus, the sun god (Atum or Ra), and Hathor, according to Budge (pgs. 102-03), are the oldest of all. Early dynasty supreme god identification and dating is a bit of a grey area.

We also note that in the nome list, cited by Budge (1904), from inscriptions at the Temple of Edfu, Horus was the god of five of 42 nomes, and that the ‘Temple of Edfu’, dedicated to Horus, was built during the Ptolemaic period, between 327 to 57BC, which depicts the age-old conflict between Horus and Seth. The temple of Edfu fell into disuse as a religious monument following Theodosius I's edict banning non-Christian worship within the Roman Empire in 391. [3]

In the 19th dynasty, Budge, in The Gods of Egypt, VI (pgs. 131-32), cites the Papyrus of Hunefer (c.1279BC), wherein Ra-Atum is the chief god, and, via citation of a related period text, indicates that Tatenen (Memphis version of the Heliopolis Atum, i.e. land mound), Ra-Atum, and Osiris were each beginning to be referred to as ‘God One alone’, and that Amen-Ra was in the mix.

Quote
The following are related quotes:

“It is interesting to note the existence of the monks of the Serapeum, because they form a connecting link between the Egyptian priests and the Christian ascetics and monks who filled Egypt in the early centuries of our era. The worship of Apis continued in Egypt until the downfall of paganism, which resulted from the adoption of Christianity by Constantine the Great [reign: 306-337AD] and from the edicts of the Emperor Theodosius [reign: 379-395AD] .”
Wallis Budge (1904), The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (pg. 349)

See also
God reduction
Recension theory

References
1. Thims, Libb. (2016). Smart Atheism: For Kids (pdf | 309-pgs) (pgs. 99-101). Publisher.
2. List of pharaohs – Wikipedia.
3. Temple of Edfu – Wikipedia.
4. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (Ra in 11th, pg. 104; Ra-Atum in 5th-6th, pg. 105; Piye, pg. 331). Dover, 1969.
5. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (transition state, pgs. 4; Amen in Thebes, 17th-20th, pgs. 4-5; Priest-King dynasty, pg. 12; Amen-Ra = Atum, pg. 88; Atum at savage times, pg. 88). Dover, 1969.
5. Greenberg, Gary. (2000). 101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History (roots, pgs. 3-4; pgs. 4-5). Source Books.
6. Extant Tanakh manuscripts (section) – Wikipedia.
7. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (Sahal Island rock inscription, pg. 52; Vespasian, pg. 217; Serapis, pg. 349) (Ѻ). Dover, 1969.
8. (a) Palermo Stone – AncientEgyptOnline.co.uk
(b) Palermo Stone – Wikipedia.
9. (a) Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (Amen-Ra, pg. 493). Dover, 1969.
(b) Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (Amen-Ra, pg. 7). Dover, 1969.
10. Hecht, Jennifer M. (2003). Doubt: A History: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas (“Popular Jewish legend has it that Ptolemy IV (204BC), a great devotee of Dionysus, had issued a decree commanding the Jews of Egypt to become worshipers of Dionysus”, pg. 52). HarperOne.
11. (a) Hecht, Jennifer M. (2003). Doubt: A History: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas (pg. 208). HarperOne.
(b) Suppression of other religions and philosophies (section) – Wikipedia.
12. Luckhert, Karl. (1991). Egyptian Light and Hebrew Fire: Theological and Philosophical Roots of Christendom in Evolutionary Perspective (pgs. 98-104). SUNY Press.

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