Synergy

In science, synergy tends to refer to two systems working together that produce results greater than the sum of their actions when working separately. [1]

Etymology
The term “synergy” itself, in the sense of “cooperation” or “working together” dates to the 1650s. [3]

As to who actually introduced the notion of synergy as “effects result greater when working together than when working separately”, is a bit elusive.

The first dominate usage of the term synergy, in a semi-physical sense, seems to be found in American physical sociologist Lester Ward, who in his 1907 Pure Sociology, introduces the term, with historical thoughts on the need for such a term, as the “twofold character of energy and mutuality, or the systematic and organic working together of the antithetical forces of nature.” Ward then goes onto give an example of how synergy can be used to qualify the work associated with the variety of forces involved in an atomic collision, and explanation in which he employs formulas. [2]

There is some commentary, to note, that synergy was coined by Carl Jung; this, however, may have been a later independent usage. [1]

Peter Corning, of late, is a big synergy theorist; as was Buckminster Fuller before him.

See also
Two cultures synergy

References
1. Beaver, Daniel. (1992). More Than Just Sex (pg. 83). Author’s Choice Publishing.
2. (a) Ward, Lester F. (1907). Pure Sociology: a Treatise on the Origin and Spontaneous Development of Society (synergy, 29+ pgs.). MacMillan.
(b) Russett, Cynthia. (1966). The Concept of Equilibrium in American Social Thought (pg. 49). Yale College.
3. Synergy – Online Etymological Dictionary.

External links
Synergy – Wikipedia.

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