Terminology reform

In science, terminology reform is []

Overview
The following is the schematic overview of the terminology reform problem:

Problem
(Term/Concept)

Solution
(Term/Concept)

Notes
(Synopsis/Progress)





Life does not exist
Defunct theory of life
Regarding definitions
Abioism
Afterlife does not exist
Prelife does not exist
Life terminology upgradesCheckmark icon 25x28
Self- terms violate principle of inertiaSelf terminology reform

Atoms socializing with each other problem
[add synopsis]
Sociology terminology upgradesCheckmark icon 25x28
Atoms loving each other problem
In the early 20th century, it became apparent, to the “one nature” theorists, e.g. Bray (1910), that one can no longer get away, as Empedocles (450BC) did, with saying that the elements “love and hate” each other, e.g. to say that hydrogen “loves” oxygen, which is why water forms, is "objectionable nonsense" (Ѻ) as Einstein (1936) would say; so it must be so with humans.
Love terminology upgradesCheckmark icon 25x28See: Balzac feelings and affinity dialogue
Purpose does not exist
Purposeless universe hypothesis
Pointlessness
Pointlessness universe hypothesis
Meaninglessness
Purpose terminology reform
Sense of purpose


The exact reform involves: (a) not invoking chemical teleology assertions, (b) not invoking pointlessness universe assertions, (c) addressing the Lindsay-Bray reform model, and (d) addressing the "divine a sense of purpose" Einstein description (as touched on in the Gates model).

This, in short, is an “Aristotelian cosmology” to “Gibbsian cosmology” belief system terminology reform AND concept reform problem; see: Hamiltonian. While "purpose", as an anthropism, does not seem to exist (e.g. as applied to hydrogen reacting with oxygen or a rock falling through a gravitational potential); it is erroneous to say, as Steven Weinberg (1993) infamously did, that "points", e.g that inflection points, such as Gibbs energy inflection points, don't exist in the universe, i.e. that the universe is "pointless"; meaningless hypotheses fall into this latter error-filled bucket likewise.
Soul does not exist
Asoulism
Amoralism

Soul terminology upgrades
Morality concept reform

“We can, indeed, kill all organic beings and thus render them inorganic at will. But these changes are not the same as those which we induce in a piece of chalk by pouring sulphuric acid upon it; in this case we only change the form, and the inorganic matter remains. But when we pour sulphuric acid upon a worm [e.g. Dahmer], or when we burn an oak-tree, these organisms are not changed into some other animal and tree, but they disappear entirely as organized beings and are resolved into inorganic elements.”
August Weismann (1889), Essay on Heredity; seeming variant of Gregory Bateson’s kick a stone or kick a dog comparison (Ѻ)

Goethe was the first to tackle this problem via his daimonic principle
and later in his "moral symbols" (1809) postulate; the modern solution involves free energy coupling theory.





God does not exist
Atheism

Adam and Eve never existed
Abraham never existed
Moses did not exist
Jesus never existed
Theism to zerotheism reform
“The science of force is power acting by law in space and time.”
William Hamilton (1834), On a General Method in Dynamics

This, in short, is a "higher powers" confusion issue ingrained into a religio-mythology unlearn problem; representative quotes of which are as follows:

“I do not think Jesus Christ ever existed.”
Napoleon Bonaparte (1817)

Moses did not exist.”
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1953), Philosophical Investigations (Ѻ)

plus a "mind made over" issue.
Ether does not existRelativity + spacetimeCheckmark icon 25x28In 1905, Einstein disabused the notion of 'ether', the medium in which electromagnetic waves were thought to be propagating, from physics.
Caloric does not existEntropy increaseCheckmark icon 25x28In 1834, Sadi Carnot, in his unpublished papers, recanted his former belief in caloric.
Atoms do not existAtoms do existCheckmark icon 25x28“I don’t believe that atoms exist.”
Ernst Mach (1897), “statement at meeting in Vienna”

In 1909, Wilhelm Ostwald recanted his former disbelief in atoms (or matter).

Jean Perrin proved that atoms exist by calculating Avogadro's number using three different methods, all involving liquid phase systems: first, he used a gamboge soap-like emulsion, second by doing experimental work on Brownian motion, and third by confirming Einstein’s theory of particle rotation in the liquid phase; he received the 1926 Nobel Prize for this triple proof.
Vacuums do not exist
Partial vacuums can existCheckmark icon 25x28Evangelista Torricelli (1643) evidenced that ‘vacuums’ do exist
Force does not exist


Many people, e.g. Balfour Stewart and Peter Tait in 1875, have argued that ‘force’ is something that does not exist.
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Quotes
The following are related quotes:
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“I am always very chary about using such expressions as ‘spiritual phenomena’, because the word spiritual has almost become a synonym of supernatural. Yet the word is a perfectly proper one and ought to be redeemed and freely used, more nearly as a synonym of psychic in its widest sense, and I shall not hesitate so to use it. The last three chapters have been devoted to showing that spiritual phenomena are as much natural phenomena as physical phenomena, that spiritual forces are true natural forces, and that there is a spiritual energy, i.e., a psychic and social energy, that is as capable of doing work as any other form of kinetic energy. In fact it is the highest and most effective form of energy or vis viva.
Lester Ward (1903), Pure Sociology (pg. 167)

References
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