In hmolscience, transmutation, from the Latin trans- “across, beyond, or through” + -mutare “to change”, refers to the derivation of every new species from another preexisting different species. [1]

The theory or doctrine of “transmutation”, synonymous in many ways to the early Greek theory of metamorphosis (Ovid, 8AD; Goethe, 1790), as opposed to the “old doctrine of the constancy of species” (aka Biblical creation), seems to have originated in the 1830s writings of Charles Lyell, which in 1838 began to be adopted in the “transmutation notebooks” of Charles Darwin, and popularized thereafter by him in his 1859 On the Origin of Species, in the form of what he termed “evolution

The new terminology upgrade of metamorphosis, transmutation, and or evolution, as explained via human chemical thermodynamics, is the formation and dissolution of new species via the process of “analysis and synthesis”, as explained via the logic of reactants (pre-existing species) transforming, via chemical reaction, into products (new species), chemical thermodynamically. [2]

The following are related quotes:

“One may say there is a force like a hundred thousand wedges trying [to] force every kind of adapted structure into the gaps in the oeconomy of nature, or rather forming gaps by thrusting out weaker ones ... The final cause of all this wedging, must be to sort out proper structure and adapt it to change.”
Charles Darwin (1838), Transmutation Notebook D (made directly after some comments on Malthus) (Ѻ), Sep 28

“No positive fact is cited to exemplify the substitution of some entirely new sense, faculty, or organ, in the room of some other rendered useless. All the instances adduced go only to prove, that the dimensions and strength of members, and the perfection of certain attributes, may, in a long course of generations, be lessened and enfeebled by disuse; or, on the contrary, be matured and augmented by active exertion, just as we know that the power of scent is feeble in the greyhound, while its swiftness of pace and its acuteness of sight are remarkable ;—that the harrier and staghound, on the contrary, are comparatively slow in their movements, but excel in the sense of smelling. It is evident, that if some well authenticated facts could have been adduced to establish one complete step in the progress of transformation, such as the appearance in individuals descended from a common stock, of a sense or organ entirely new, and a complete disappearance of some other enjoyed by their progenitors, that time alone might then be supposed sufficient to bring about any amount of metamorphosis. The gratuitous assumption, therefore, of a point so vital to the theory of transmutation, was unpardonable on the part of its advocate.”
Charles Lyell (c.1840), Publication; cited by John Wilson (1849) in his Rural Cyclopedia (pg. 302)

“Hitherto, no rival hypothesis has been proposed as a substitute for the doctrine of transmutation; for ‘independent creation’, as it is often termed, or the direct intervention of the ‘supreme cause’, must simply be considered as an avowal that we deem the question to lie beyond the domain of science.”
Charles Lyell (1863), The Antiquity of Man (pg. 421) (Ѻ)

1. Hartman, Edward. (1875). “A Critical Representation of the Theory of Organic Development (§3: The Theory of Heterogeneous Generation and the Theory of Transmutation) (translator: Henry d’Arcy) (Ѻ), The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 12:138.
2. (a) Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry (Volume One) (pdf). Morrisville, NC: LuLu.
(b) Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry (Volume Two). Morrisville, NC: LuLu.
(c) Thims, Libb. (2008). The Human Molecule (issuu) (preview) (Google Books) (docstoc). LuLu.

External links
Transmutation – Wikipedia.

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